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  • Writer's pictureAllen Bromberger

A New Type of Hybrid - SSIR Article

Updated: Jul 25, 2023

By Allen Bromberger for the Stanford Social Innovation Review

Social Entrepreneurs Have Taken the Hybrid Model to a New Level

Much to the chagrin of social entrepreneurs, U.S. law does not currently recognize any single legal entity that can simultaneously accept tax-deductible donated capital (charitable contributions and grants); invested capital (equity investment for which investors seek a market rate of return); and quasi-invested capital (such as loans or program-related investments [PRI] from foundations that are structured as investments but in which the funder has a strong philanthropic motive and neither expects nor demands a market rate of return). As a consequence, social entrepreneurs are typically forced to choose between for-profit and nonprofit models that require them to compromise their social vision and restrict their ability to finance and operate their ventures in a way that meets the founders’ own needs as well as those of their investors, customers, employees, and other stakeholders.

A New Type of Hybrid SSIR (1)
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